What Is Camber On A Car? (Positive vs. Negative Camber Effects)

What is positive camber and negative camber? What does camber do and what are the consequences? Here's the ultimate guide.

You want an efficient car to maximize the fuel economy and overall driving experience. One factor that greatly affects a car’s handling, tire wear, and overall performance is its “camber.”

What is camber on a car?

Camber refers to the angle of a car’s wheels relative to a level surface. Camber can be positive, negative, or neutral. Positive camber means that the top of the tire tilts outward, while negative camber means that the top of the tire tilts inward.

Camber can significantly impact a car’s handling and tire wear, and extreme positive or negative camber can cause issues.

In this guide, I’ll share more information about how positive vs. negative camber affects your vehicle.

I’ll also answer some commonly asked questions about camber, including:

  • Can camber cause vibrations?
  • Can camber affect braking?
  • Is negative camber good for drifting?
  • Can camber affect fuel efficiency?

Let’s get started.

Table of ContentsShow

Camber vs. Caster vs. Toe: What’s The Difference?

Car Wheels

While they might sound like characters from a children’s cartoon, camber, caster, and toe are three essential measurements that affect a car’s wheel alignment. Each of these measurements describes a different aspect of how the wheels are angled and positioned.

Here are the differences between camber, caster, and toe:

  • Camber refers to the wheel’s angle as viewed from the front or rear of the car. Positive camber means that the top of the tire is tilted outward, while negative camber means that the top is tilted inward.
  • Caster refers to the angle of the steering pivot when viewed from the side of the car. Positive caster means the steering axis tilts toward the driver. In contrast, a negative caster tilts toward the car’s front.
  • Toe refers to which direction the tires point relative to the car’s centerline. “Toe-in” means that the front of the tires point toward each other, and “toe-out” means that they point away from each other.

All three measurements affect how a car handles and expedite tire wear. A skilled technician can make adjustments to improve a car’s performance and ensure even tire wear.

Neglecting alignment can result in poor handling, uneven tire wear, and shorter tire lifespan.

What Positive Camber Means For Your Car

Positive Camber

Positive camber is when the top of a car’s tire tilts outwards, away from its centerline. Positive camber can make your car’s handling feel “floaty” and unstable, especially while cornering. This can stem from several factors, such as worn suspension parts, hauling heavy loads, or a design flaw.

What’s more, positive camber can cause accelerated wear on the outside edges of your car’s tires. The effects of positive camber can be compounded when combined with negative caster or toe-out.

It is crucial to note that not all cars require the same amount of positive camber. Some cars are built with a slight positive camber to provide better handling. Others require a more neutral camber setting.

Regular wheel alignment checks can help diagnose and correct positive camber issues before they lead to further issues.

What Negative Camber Means For Your Car

Negative Camber

When tires tilt inwards from their centerline, it is known as negative camber. Negative camber is popular with racing fans as it improves handling in high-speed turns. But the effects of negative camber can cause uneven tire wear and affect how a car drives.

If a car has negative camber, the part of the tire that touches the ground moves towards the inner side of the tire. This can cause extra damage to the outer edges of the tire, which can make the tire wear out faster and decrease performance.

Negative camber can also make your car more likely to hydroplane. While negative camber can boost handling, too much can cause excessive tire wear and make your car feel less stable.

Before making any adjustments to your vehicle’s camber, it’s probably best to just see a mechanic. Regular wheel alignment checks can help catch and correct negative camber effects before they lead to further problems.

Camber Adjustment: What You Need To Know

Camber On A Car

Camber adjustment is crucial to maintaining your car’s handling, tire wear, and overall performance. The adjustment process requires a skilled technician and special tools. To adjust the camber, the tech uses a camber gauge to measure the angle of the wheels.

They then adjust the suspension parts, such as the control arms or struts, to bring the camber into the recommended range.

It’s vital to note that camber adjustment can be tricky and requires knowledge of your specific model’s suspension system. A wrong adjustment can cause further issues, like uneven tire wear, handling problems, and poor performance.

The technology for adjusting camber will take into account weight, suspension design, and tire size. To prevent camber problems in advance, have your wheels aligned regularly.

FAQ: Car Camber

Can Camber Cause Vibrations?

Yes, a car’s camber can cause vibrations, especially when it is out of specification.

If a car’s camber is too positive or negative, it can create an uneven contact patch between the tire and the road, leading to vibrations. These vibrations can be felt through the steering wheel or the entire vehicle.

Can Camber Affect Braking?

Camber can affect braking. Excessive negative camber can cause uneven braking, as the tire’s contact patch will be concentrated on the inside edge, reducing the tire’s overall grip.

This can lead to longer stopping distances and reduce the effectiveness of the ABS system. Keeping the camber within the manufacturer’s suggested range is key to ensure optimal braking.

Is Negative Camber Good For Drifting?

Negative camber is a great choice for drifting as it improves handling in high-speed turns. It allows the tire to remain flat on the ground during cornering, enhancing traction and control.

Yet too much negative camber can cause excessive tire wear and reduced braking. Ultimately, the ideal amount of camber for drifting depends on the car, driving style, and track conditions.

Can Camber Affect Fuel Efficiency?

Both positive and negative camber can affect fuel efficiency. Positive camber can cause added rolling resistance, reducing fuel mileage. Negative camber can improve fuel efficiency by reducing the tire’s contact patch with the road, thus reducing drag.

Your best bet is to maintain a healthy balance of camber for optimal fuel efficiency and tire lifespan.

Keep An Eye On Your Car’s Camber For The Best Driving Experience

Camber is crucial to your car’s handling, tire wear, and overall performance. A poorly aligned camber can cause serious issues, such as uneven tire wear, handling problems, and reduced fuel efficiency.

Both positive and negative camber have pros and cons. Staying within the suggested range is essential for optimal performance.

Regular wheel alignment checks will help you diagnose and correct any camber issues early on.

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Joshua Barrett

Josh Barrett is a writer hailing from the great state of Alaska. While describing himself in the third person is not his forte, writing about any and all things automotive – is. After 13+ years hustling in the exciting world of car sales, he took off to travel the world with his dog Teemo.