Symptoms Of A Bad Body Control Module And Replacement Cost

What are the symptoms of a bad body control module? Do you suspect that you have a bad BCM? Here's a simple guide along with an estimated replacement cost.

The BCM controls a wide range of systems in the car. It’s responsible for most things outside of the drivetrain.

As with every component of your car, things can go wrong. When this happens, they need fixing – don’t leave it and wait for it to get worse!

In this guide, I will walk you through the most obvious symptoms of a bad Body Control Module.

First, it’s essential to know what the BCM does and why it goes wrong, so I will start by explaining what a BCM is.

Let’s get started!

Table of ContentsShow

What Is A BCM (Body Control Module)?

Body Control Module BCM
A body control module (BCM)

The Body Control Module is one of the tens (or hundreds, in modern cars) of modules making up the ECU. The Electronic Control Unit oversees every little function in your vehicle.

The BCM can be (very broadly) described as the module responsible for most of the non-drivetrain functions. These include:

  • Headlights, turn signals, brake lights, reverse lights, etc.
  • Interior lights
  • Instrument cluster lights
  • Radio or infotainment system
  • Power windows
  • Horn
  • Windshield wipers
  • Heating and climate control (including air conditioning)
  • Alarms and immobilizers
  • etc.

The BCM takes readings to and from these devices. It shares these with all the other modules to calculate things like alternator output.

In contrast to the BCM, the ECM (Engine Control Module) oversees the engine. The TCM (Transmission Control Module) works with the transmission. And so on.

Why Does A BCM Go Bad?

Body Control Module ECU ECM BCM

When a BCM goes bad, it’s usually down to the following:

  • A glitch or error in manufacturer programming or infrastructure.
  • Water or debris intrusion.
  • Bad connections, wiring, or grounds.

If it’s down to a manufacturer’s fault, there may or may not be an official Service Bulletin and Recall ID.

These are more common than you might expect, but that doesn’t mean every problem is the brand’s fault. Not directly, at least.

One of the most critical parts of ECU design is ensuring there’s no way for water to get in. As an efficient conductor, water will short-circuit the modules, causing damage. This damage, in turn, prevents certain things from working.

Poor links cause a BCM to fail for identical reasons. The pathway that carries the electric energy is irregular and ineffectual. This results in different currents, irregular measurements, and peculiar outcomes. Over the years, it may result in damage.

Bad Body Control Module Symptoms

It’s difficult to pin down symptoms of a bad BCM. You could notice almost anything.

If you’d like a vague overview, watch out for any unexplained problems with any component controlled by the BCM.

Don’t forget, these include any electrically-operated part apart from the engine- and transmission-related components. Check out that list in the first section.

That said, here are a few things for you to watch out for.

1. Erratic Component Behavior

Car Will Not Turn Over But Lights Come On
The light might flicker on or off.

Faults with the BCM will almost certainly result in strange behavior from the relevant components. Here are a few examples.

  1. The horn goes off at random intervals.
  2. Windshield wipers come on unexpectedly or move slower or quicker than usual.
  3. Lights flicker on and off.
  4. The instrument cluster has a close resemblance to a 1980s disco.
  5. Power windows stop working or seem to be struggling.
  6. The alarm sets off at random times.

What you might think of as being nothing more than a faulty motor or bad ground could be a bad BCM. Unfortunately, you might not notice this until you’ve replaced the part, only to find the problem persists.

It’s fairly typical for a customer to bring their car to a mechanic for a new light or wiper device, just to find out that they require $1,000 worth of ECU repairs.

2. Battery Draining Faster Than Usual

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All old batteries lose their ability to hold a charge. If you need to jump-start your car every day, it might be as simple as getting a new one.

But, the issue may be because of the BCM. The Body Control Module often leads to parasitic drain, which is a typical problem.

In short, a parasitic drain is when a component stays on when it should turn off with the car.

It’s not just the BCM that causes them – any electrical circuit might – but it’s most often related. The module might continue to power an internal light indefinitely, for example.

Parasitic drains can completely drain your battery in a matter of hours. That’s very bad for it.

If you notice that your new battery is often flat, take your car to a mechanic. You should get a new battery if it’s in bad condition.

While they replace it, for some in-depth ECU diagnosis, you might need to go to an automotive electrician directly.

3. Problems Starting

Car Struggles To Start But Runs Fine

When the BCM goes bad, it might affect the manufacturer’s pre-installed anti-theft system.

Any of the following (and more) could happen:

  • The alarm goes off when you try to start the engine
  • You don’t hear anything (not even a click) when you turn the key in the ignition

These both stem from the fact that the ECU doesn’t recognize the key’s relationship with the car. As a result, it defaults to its anti-theft setting (whatever that entails explicitly).

4. Other Access And Security Issues

Unlock Car With Remote Key

Since the Body Control Module is also accountable for operating the access systems, you might observe issues here, too.

For example, the doors might lock or unlock at random intervals. Another common problem is the doors re-locking immediately after you press UNLOCK.

It’s not just keyed systems, too. Keyless entry might stop working or sound the alarm when you open the door.

If you notice any kind of strange problem, there’s an electrical issue somewhere – without a doubt. This problem might rest with the BCM.

Is It Safe To Drive If I Have A Bad BCM?

Can You Tow An Automatic Car

It isn’t safe to drive with a bad Body Control Module.

This isn’t because of any imminent drivetrain failure. The BCM communicates with the ECM and TCM but doesn’t influence them much.

Instead, you might find that certain lights suddenly stop working. Without brake lights, someone behind you could crash into you. An accident is likely if your headlights turn off as you drive through fog or darkness. Windshield wipers might not work in the rain, and so on.

For this reason, it’s best to have your car towed to an automotive electrician if you have reason to suspect a bad BCM.

Bad Body Control Module Repair & Replacement Cost

There are three possible ways your bad BCM might be repaired. In order of costliness, these are:

  1. Control Module reset
  2. BCM reprogramming
  3. BCM replacement and reprogramming

Control Module Reset

Audi Body Control Module BCM

If there’s nothing more than a glitch in the BCM, a reset might fix it. Each manufacturer designs a “reset” option into its operating systems.

It’s essential to follow the official recommended advice here. If you don’t, you might inadvertently do some much more severe damage.

In most cases, it involves disconnecting the battery or removing a fuse for a specific length of time.

It’s best to leave it to the mechanic. They will do it carefully and safely.

In this case, you should only have to pay a diagnosis fee. In total, it should be less than $100.

BCM Reprogramming

Car Diagnostics

In most cases, you don’t need a brand-new module unless it’s been physically damaged.

If resetting the car didn’t work, you might need to get the BCM reprogrammed.

To do this, an automotive electrician hooks up to your car and checks for errors. These need to be fixed, and the source of the problem also needs to be found and adjusted.

You only have to pay for the work done, which involves skilled workers. The end cost may range from $300 to $600 or possibly higher, depending on the extent of the issue.

BCM Replacement and Reprogramming

Electronic Engine Unit

If the BCM has been physically damaged (by any number of things), you need a new unit.

The following could cause damage to the unit:

  • Being in an accident
  • Water intrusion
  • Dust/dirt/debris getting in
  • Overheating
  • Inadequate protection against humid air
  • Poor protection against electrical transients (bursts of energy)
  • Bad solder joints
  • Components damaged during production
  • Criminal tampering
  • and much more.

On average, a new BCM unit costs around $400 in parts. Add another $200 to $300 for labor. This includes both installation and software downloads.

In total, you should expect it to be around $600 to $700.

Conclusion

Repair

A bad BCM module isn’t the best prognosis, and it can be challenging to spot. However, it should be a relatively simple fix once you’ve zeroed in on the problem.

The matter here isn’t truly the poor BCM itself – it’s what caused it. Yes, you’ve paid a substantial sum for a new one, but will the problem happen again?

That’s why it’s crucial to use automotive electricians – specialists who know their way around a car’s electrical system.

They’re your best bet for not just fixing but solving your BCM problem.

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Benjamin Kitchen

Ben is an IMI-qualified light vehicle technician from England with experience in a fast-fit garage. He aims to help drivers worldwide with common automotive problems. You’ll often find him working with his 1.2 Vauxhall Corsa. It may have a tiny engine, but in eight years it's never once let him down!